When Toyota management decided to develop a luxury car capable of competing with the best in the world on the American market, the history of Lexus began in 1983. Based in California, the first prototype was created in 1985. At first, it was called F1, and later in 1988 it became the Lexus LS400 (Toyota Celsior in Japan).
Production began the following year with this sedan in the class of a Mercedes equipped with a 4.0-liter V8 engine. 250 hp. and ES250.
In 1991 the SC400, a 2-door SportCoupé, was unveiled, the SC300 entered production and the ES300 replaced the ES250. This same year begins the GS300 project jointly with Ital Design.
In 1992, Lexus sold more cars in the United States than Mercedes or BMW. The Japanese brand is regularly rewarded for the quality of these products and the service offered.
The GS300 was released in 1993 and the new LS400 in 1994. 1996 was marked by the 500,000 th LS400 produced. The SUV sector is approached with the LX450 and a new, more luxurious and more powerful ES300 is born.
In 1994, Ital Design presented a prototype based on the GS300 and its V8 engine. It's a 4-door 4×4 called Landau. Two years later, a study carried out by the Calty of California leads to a vehicle that is at the same time a minivan, a sedan, and an SUV. The FLV uses the 3 l V6 engine.
Respectively in Detroit and Chicago, in 1997, the HPS and SLV prototypes were presented. The latter will be produced under the name of RX300. The HPS, meanwhile, becomes GS400 and is equipped with a new V8.
In 1999, after 10 years of importation into the USA, Lexus celebrates the millionth copy sold on American soil. At the same time, Toyota ends production of the Supra.
The year 2000 saw the new IS300 and LS430. 2001 is the year of the SC430. This coupé / convertible has a more sporty vocation. Very luxurious and fast, it represents the supercar of the Toyota empire, having as ancestors the 2000GT and the Supra.
In 2003, the range consisted of 8 different models covering the Sedan, Coupé / Cabriolet and luxury SUV sectors.
Prototypes with LF designations (for Lexus Future) reveal Lexus' styling orientations for high-end vehicles with hybrid engines.
Presented in 2005, the RX400h is an evolution of the RX300 SUV with a hybrid engine. Indeed a V6 engine is associated with two electric motors. The result, 272 hp for consumption not exceeding 8 l / 100 km.
The new IS series, planned for 2006, but unveiled in 2005, offers three variants, IS350, IS250 and IS250 with 4-wheel drive.
Unveiled in Tokyo in 2005, the LF-Sh is a follow-up to the more realistic LF-S prototype and which should lead to serial marketing. A V8 engine accompanied by a gas-electric unit transmits power to the 4 wheels. The GS and ES games are also being refreshed for 2006.
Since 2003, Lexus has provided competition engines for the Grandson Am Daytona Prototype cars.
2006 marks the entry of Lexus into the SuperGT championship. The V4 of the SC430 here develops 480 hp at 7200 rpm.
At the Tokyo 2009 show, people first know the first Lexus supercar. In 2012, an interesting LF-LC prototype was presented in Detroit. It uses a hybrid engine.
The advancement of Lexus is punctuated by various developments, including vehicles that are driving new categories, innovations that have changed the extravagance section, and a progressive way to deal with client assistance.